Australia

Scientists need to ‘rethink’ approach to GMO engagement with public

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When it comes to controversial science issues, scientists need to rethink their approach to engaging the public, according to the authors of a new study looking at women's attitudes towards genetically modified foods.

The results of focus groups conducted by University of Adelaide researchers, published online ahead of print in the journal New Genetics and Society, show that if scientists continue to present "just the facts", most people won't engage or modify their thinking—even if they were highly educated.

The results have implications for public engagement across other controversial science issues, such as nuclear energy, climate change, vaccination and water fluoridation, the authors say.

"We were interested in previous surveys that showed women consistently were more opposed to GMO foods than men, and so we set out to better understand the reasons why," said co-author Rachel Ankeny.

"GMO foods are an important issue for the community, and with women still playing greater roles in the provision of home care and food preparation, we need to better understand how women are thinking and what their values are in relation to these issues.”

The focus groups included women from a range of educational backgrounds, including those involved in plant and agricultural science, and others in health science, as well as women with lower levels of education.

"All of the women with science backgrounds used evidence to support their stance, but the way they did so came as a surprise to us," said co-author Heather Bray.

"Women who had backgrounds in plant science said the lack of evidence of harm meant that GMO food was safe to eat. But the women in health sciences said it was a lack of evidence of safety that made them cautious about consuming GMO food. These perceptions are based on two very different concepts of risk, despite both groups being highly educated in science.

"For women without science backgrounds, GMO food presented 'unknown' risks, and hence was to be avoided. There was a range of other issues apart from the science that arose in our study, a major one being a general lack of trust of science.”

Prof. Ankeny added that it was important for scientists to realise that their work has economic, social, and cultural impacts. 

If people are presented with 'just the facts', the discussion leaves out critical topics and values,” she said.

People—including people highly educated in science—come to these issues with their own ideas, experiences, and values, and they are not necessarily going to endorse particular scientific theories or applications based simply on facts being provided to them.”

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Comments (2)

ursula arens - 01 Mar 2017 | 11:32

GMO critiques wider than 'safety'

GMO products may be safe for human consumption. But technology introduces many systemic and environmental skews that are likely to be adverse: a wider definition of 'safety' is needed in discussions.

01-Mar-2017 at 11:32 GMT

John Biondi - 21 Feb 2017 | 05:30

Safety of the System

It is not just the safety of GMO food that is the issue. (GMO food may, indeed, be safe). It is the safety of the industrial system of agriculture that surround GMOs. That system is been proven not to be safe for our water shed, our pollinators and farm workers.

21-Feb-2017 at 17:30 GMT

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